The National Theatre standards in this section describe the cumulative skills and knowledge expected of students upon graduating high school. They presume that the students have achieved the standards specified for grades 5-8; they assume that the students will demonstrate higher levels of the expected skills and knowledge, will deal with increasingly complex art works, and will provide more sophisticated responses to works of art. Determining the curriculum and the specific instructional activities necessary to achieve the standards is the responsibility of states, local school districts, and individual teachers. The standards establish "proficient" and "advanced" achievement standards for grades 9-12 in theatre discipline. The proficient level is intended for students who have completed courses of study involving relevant skills and knowledge in that discipline for one to two years beyond grade 8. The advanced level is intended for students who have completed courses of study involving relevant skills and knowledge in that discipline for three to four years beyond grade 8. Students at the advanced level are expected to achieve the standards established for the proficient as well as the advanced levels. Every student is expected to achieve the proficient level in at least one arts discipline by the time he or she graduates from high school.
Content StandardI Script writing through improvising, writing, and refining scripts based on personal experience and heritage, imagination, literature, and history.
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students construct imaginative scripts and collaborate with actors to refine scripts so that story and meaning are conveyed to an audience Advanced: Students write theatre, film, television, or electronic media scripts in a variety of traditional and new forms that include original characters with unique dialogue that motivates actionImprovisation/Loosening up
Content StandardII Acting by developing, communicating, and sustaining characters in improvisations and informal or formal productions
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students analyze the physical, emotional, and social dimensions of characters found in dramatic texts from various genres and media Students compare and demonstrate various classical and contemporary acting techniques and methods Students in an ensemble, create and sustain characters that communicate with audiences Advanced: Students demonstrate artistic discipline to achieve an ensemble in rehearsal and performance Students create consistent characters from classical, contemporary, realistic, and nonrealistic dramatic texts in informal and formal theatre, film, television, or electronic media productions Emphasizing Believable Action
Content Standard III Designing and producing by conceptualizing and realizing artistic interpretations for informal or formal productions
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students explain the basic physical and chemical properties of the technical aspects of theatre (such as light, color, electricity, paint, and makeup) Students analyze a variety of dramatic texts from cultural and historical perspectives to determine production requirements Students develop designs that use visual and aural elements to convey environments that clearly support the text Students apply technical knowledge and skills to collaboratively and safely create functional scenery, properties, lighting, sound, costumes, and makeup Students design coherent stage management, promotional, and business plans Advanced: Students explain how scientific and technological advances have impacted set, light, sound, and costume design and implementation for theatre, film, television, and electronic media productions Students collaborate with directors to develop unified production concepts that convey the metaphorical nature of the drama for informal and formal theatre, film, television, or electronic media productions Students safely construct and efficiently operate technical aspects of theatre, film, television, or electronic media productions Students create and reliably implement production schedules, stage management plans, promotional ideas, and business and front of house procedures for informal and formal theatre, film, television, or electronic media production
Content Standard IV Directing by interpreting dramatic texts and organizing and conducting rehearsals for informal or formal productions Achievement Standard Proficient: Students develop multiple interpretations and visual and aural production choices for scripts and production ideas and choose those that are most interesting Students justify selections of text, interpretation, and visual and aural artistic choices Students effectively communicate directorial choices to a small ensemble for improvised or scripted scenes Advanced: Students explain and compare the roles and interrelated responsibilities of the various personnel involved in theatre, film, television, and electronic media productions Students collaborate with designers and actors to develop aesthetically unified production concepts for informal and formal theatre, film, television, or electronic media productions Students conduct auditions, cast actors, direct scenes, and conduct production meetings to achieve production goals
Content Standard V Researching by evaluating and synthesizing cultural and historical information to support artistic choices
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students identify and research cultural, historical, and symbolic clues in dramatic texts, and evaluate the validity and practicality of the information to assist in making artistic choices for informal and formal productions Advanced: Students research and describe appropriate historical production designs, techniques, and performances from various cultures to assist in making artistic choices for informal and formal theatre, film, television, or electronic media productions
Content StandardVI Comparing and integrating art forms by analyzing traditional theatre, dance, music, visual arts, and new art forms
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students describe and compare the basic nature, materials, elements, and means of communicating in theatre, dramatic media, musical theatre, dance, music, and the visual arts Students determine how the nondramatic art forms are modified to enhance the expression of ideas and emotions in theatre Students illustrate the integration of several arts media in informal presentations Advanced: Students compare the interpretive and expressive natures of several art forms in a specific culture or historical period Students compare the unique interpretive and expressive natures and aesthetic qualities of traditional arts from various cultures and historical periods with contemporary new art forms (such as performance art) Students integrate several arts and/or media in theatre, film, television, or electronic media productions.
Content StandardVII Analyzing, critiquing, and constructing meanings from informal and formal theatre, film, television, and electronic media productions.
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students construct social meanings from informal and formal productions and from dramatic performances from a variety of cultures and historical periods, and relate these to current personal, national, and international issues Students articulate and justify personal aesthetic criteria for critiquing dramatic texts and events that compare perceived artistic intent with the final aesthetic achievement Students analyze and critique the whole and the parts of dramatic performances, taking into account the context, and constructively suggest alternative artistic choices Students constructively evaluate their own and others' collaborative efforts and artistic choices in informal and formal productions
Content StandardVIII Understanding context by analyzing the role of theatre, film, television, and electronic media in the past and the present.
Achievement Standard Proficient: Students compare how similar themes are treated in drama from various cultures and historical periods, illustrate with informal performances, and discuss how theatre can reveal universal concepts Students identify and compare the lives, works, and influence of representative theatre artists in various cultures and historical periods Students identify cultural and historical sources of American theatre and musical theatre Students analyze the effect of their own cultural experiences on their dramatic work Advanced: Students analyze the social and aesthetic impact of underrepresented theatre and film artists Students analyze the relationships among cultural values, freedom of artistic expression, ethics, and artistic choices in various cultures and historical periods Students analyze the development of dramatic forms, production practices, and theatrical traditions across cultures and historical periods and explain influences on contemporary theatre, film, television, and electronic media productions